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Fading Giants: Rhinos (family Rhinocerotidae)

Started by OkapiBoy, February 08, 2013, 07:27:24 PM

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OkapiBoy

Fading Giants: Rhinos (family Rhinocerotidae)
Along with the elephants, giraffes, and hippo, the rhinos are among the last of the mega fauna still living today. There are five extant species today, and all are endangered. Two of these species are native to Africa and three to Asia (southern) .They can be found in tropical forest, tall grasslands, open savannahs, and in high altitudes in Asia and Africa. All rhino species have horns which are made of keratin. Both the African species and the Sumatran have two horns, while the Indian and Javan have single horn.

African species
Black rhino ( Diceros bicornis) have 4 subspecies:  South-Central (D.b. minor), South-western (D.b. bicornis), East African ( D.b. michaeli), and West African (D.b. longipes) declared extinct in 2011.
White Rhino has two subspecies: Southern white (Ceratotherium simum simum), and Northern white (Ceratotherium simum cottoni).The southern subspecies has the distinction of having the largest population of any rhino subspecies in the world. The northern subspecies is basically extinct in the wild, and with only a handful left in captivity.
All African species and sub species form the Dicerotini group, which emerged in the middle Miocene (14 mya). The big difference between the two is the shape of their mouth- white rhinos have a broad flat lips more suited for grazing, whereas the black rhino have a more pointed lips more suited for browsing foliage.
Papo

CollectA

Mojo



Wild Republic



Large Safari

with Schliech for comparison

Safari


Asian species
The Indian or greater one-horned Rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis) and the Javan Rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus) form the Rhinocerotini group, which emerged around 10 million years ago. Both species have the distinctive huge skin folds that give the armored-like appearance. Both species sport only one horn.
With an estimated total world population of only about 60 animals concentrated in one area, the Javan rhino is one of the world’s rarest and most endangered large mammals. It is also the least know of all the rhino species.  The Javan rhino is smaller than its Indian cousin.
The Sumatran Rhino (Diceroshinus sumatrensis) is the only surviving representative of the Dicerorhinini group; also it is the most primitive group. The group emerged in the Miocene (about 20 million years ago). The extinct woolly rhino was also a member of this tribe. The Sumatran rhino is also the smallest of the extant species, as well as the one with the most hair (they can be found in higher altitudes compared to other species).  The Sumatran rhino is closely related to the woolly rhino, but not to the other modern species.
As far as toy figures go, the two African species and the Indian species are well represented. I am not aware of any toy figures of either the Sumatran or Javan species available (although there is a resin Javan that I know of).

Safari

Schleich

Together

Bobble head figures

Calf


Bonus: Prehistoric rhinos
Besides the five extant species, there were many other species of extinct rhinos. They ranged in size from small dog-sized to one of the largest land mammal that ever existed. Of all the extinct species, two have dominated the toy figure world- the woolly rhino and paraceratherium.


The rhino body plan is a successful one. Many other unrelated species share this type of body plan throughout evolution. Here are a few extinct animals that, although unrelated, superficially looks like a thino

sbell

Brontotheres are so related to rhinos! What craziness are you talking?! ;D

brontodocus

I assume OkapiBoy meant the Uintatherium and Arsinoitherium rather than the Megacerops?

Bullyland also made two figures of the Javan Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros sondaicus, an adult and a calf. :) Sadly, I only have the latter :-\:


Jetoar

I know the safari large figure is big bit the comaparison is incredible,It Is very big  :o !.
My website: Paleo-Creatures
My website's facebook: Paleo-Creatures

sbell

Quote from: brontodocus on February 08, 2013, 10:44:12 PM
I assume OkapiBoy meant the Uintatherium and Arsinoitherium rather than the Megacerops?

He put the caption on the photo of the whole group+rhino, so I understand the caption to refer to all of them.

Fukuiraptor

OkapiBoy, thanks for sharing!  Your comparison photos are great!

sauroid

cool rhinos. does anyone have pics of their Nayab african rhino?

Ana

#7
Great rhinos everyone :D Many interesting ones :) And thank You for starting very interesting topic :)
Here some of my rhinos

Sumatran rhino by Joan


and some others, from left to right: Bullyland deluxe black rhino (cork version), Mojo white rhino, CollectA black rhino calf, schleich indian rhino calf and adult, Britains Indian rhino :)

OkapiBoy

Quote from: Ana on February 09, 2013, 06:56:57 PM
Great rhinos everyone :D Many interesting ones :) And thank You for starting very interesting topic :)
Here some of my rhinos

Sumatran rhino by Joan


Ohhh, beautiful Sumatran rhino figure! I wish someone would release one. Maybe CollectA or Mojo will in the future.

OkapiBoy

Quote from: brontodocus on February 08, 2013, 10:44:12 PM
I assume OkapiBoy meant the Uintatherium and Arsinoitherium rather than the Megacerops?

Bullyland also made two figures of the Javan Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros sondaicus, an adult and a calf. :) Sadly, I only have the latter :-\:



Yes, when I realized my mistake, it was too late. I was not about to go back and reshoot it... but hopefully people will get the point ;)
Nice Javan figure, I did not even know that Bullylan once released a figure of it... something to hunt on ebay I guess :))

brontodocus

Quote from: OkapiBoy on February 16, 2013, 01:44:27 AM
Nice Javan figure, I did not even know that Bullylan once released a figure of it... something to hunt on ebay I guess :))
Yes, that's how I got mine. It was a shot in the dark since I remember it was not listed as a Javan Rhino but looked like one to me. So I was quite delighted to see it was really meant to be one after I got it. :)

sauroid

#11
here are some of my rhinos (i hope it's ok Okapiboy ^-^)
Bullyland indian rhino

Bullyland Coelodonta

Bandai pregnant african rhino

CollectA african rhino

vintage made-in-hongkong rhinos


Jetoar

Wonderful collection of  rhinos  ^-^ very impressive  ^-^.
My website: Paleo-Creatures
My website's facebook: Paleo-Creatures

OkapiBoy


sauroid

very nice indian rhinos Okapiboy

let me add this Britains indian rhino

(still looks superior after all these years)

Fukuiraptor

Great figure, sauroid!  What is the size of this rhino?  You know I am fond of Britains animal figures ;)

sauroid

thanks Fukuiraptor. it's in scale with other indian rhinos from the current brands. :)

OkapiBoy

Ah, the long wait paid off! Finally, a beautiful figure of the rare Sumatran Rhino! :)
[
Beautiful, eh? Figure by the very talented Joan Milelire of course!  :)

Jetoar

My website: Paleo-Creatures
My website's facebook: Paleo-Creatures

brontodocus

Joan Milelire did a phantastic job on this one! ^-^